Hobsons Bay City
Drivers of population change
Development historyUrban development in the City dates back to 1837, with the establishment of Williamstown as a port. The area became a major maritime centre for Melbourne over the following decades and much of urban development in the eastern part of the City dates from this period and the early twentieth century. In the west, urban development generally dates from the post-war period, with residential development spreading away from the railway lines into Altona North, and most recently around Altona Meadows and Seabrook.
There has been significant economic restructuring over recent decades which has resulted in notable changes to the patterns of land use in Hobsons Bay City. This process is ongoing. Some of the industries in the eastern part of the City have closed or relocated, which has provided opportunities for redevelopment of this land for residential purposes. This pattern is most notable in Williamstown, Newport (East and West) and Spotswood-South Kingsville, where a number of sites have been developed. During the 1990s some conversion of surplus government and utility land to residential purposes occurred, most notably the Williamstown Rifle Range and Williamstown Junction sites. These types of redevelopment opportunities are important as the amount of greenfield land in the municipality has been largely exhausted and significant additions to the dwelling stock can only be realised through redevelopment on brownfield sites. Due to its bayside location and relative proximity to the CBD, there is significant pressure for residential development, although affordability issues and ageing dwelling stock have resulted in the loss of people to the outer west.
Migration patternsOverall, in the post war period the primary housing market role that Hobsons Bay City has played was to provide home owning opportunities for families and prospective families from western suburbs of Melbourne. In more recent years, net in-migration from the inner south eastern suburbs has become more important as the eastern part of Hobsons Bay has become part of the wider inner city housing market (from a metropolitan perspective) and is slowly gentrifying. However, Hobsons Bay loses significant population to neighbouring Wyndham, and to a lesser extent Melton. Much of this flow consists of young adults leaving the family home or inner city rental accommodation to take advantage of relatively affordable home opportunities in Melbourne's outer west.
Population and household forecasts, 2016 to 2036, prepared by .id the population experts, November 2017.
Note: The migration flows depicted above are historical and do not represent future or forecast migration flows or subsequent council boundary changes. The arrows represent migration flows to the area as a whole and do not indicate an origin or destination for any specific localities within the area. Overseas flow shows overseas arrivals only, based on answers to the census question “where did the person usually live 5-years ago.