Fraser Coast Region
Drivers of population change
The Fraser Coast Region is located in the Wide Bay Burnett are of Queensland. The largest town, Hervey Bay, is located approximately 290 kms north of Brisbane. The other large town in the Region, Maryborough, is located 40 km away. There are several coastal communities, particularly along the northern coastline, and smaller coastal villages on the eastern coastline abutting the Great Sandy Strait. The Region is traversed by the Bruce Highway, the major road link along the Queensland coast. Fraser Island, a national park with UNESCO World Heritage status, lies off the coast and provides a focal point for tourism.
European settlement in the region dates back to the mid nineteenth century with an agriculture based economy and a regional centre focused on Maryborough. From the late 1970s, the town of Hervey Bay began to grow rapidly, spurred by amenity led and retirement migration. This resulted in a major shift in the settlement pattern and in the late 1980s, Hervey Bay's population overtook that of Maryborough's. The local economy also shifted from its rural focus to one based more on services and tourism.
Migration patternsFraser Coast's recent growth has been driven by net in-migration, led not just by retirees, but also families (both young and established). The major source of new residents is from other parts of south eastern Queensland and neighbouring councils such as Gympie Region and South Burnett. In contrast, in-migration from interstate is less significant. Like most regional areas of Australia, the Region loses young adults (18-24 years), who move to Brisbane and elsewhere for education and employment opportunities.
Population and household forecasts, 2011 to 2036, prepared by .id the population experts, July 2014.
Note: The migration flows depicted above are historical and do not represent future or forecast migration flows or subsequent council boundary changes. The arrows represent migration flows to the area as a whole and do not indicate an origin or destination for any specific localities within the area. Overseas flow shows overseas arrivals only, based on answers to the census question “where did the person usually live 5-years ago.
Housing role and function
The role traditionally played by Fraser Coast Region is to provide home owning opportunities to families from other parts of Queensland. Since the 1970s retirement migration has played an increasingly important role in fuelling population growth and there are a number of retirement/lifestyle villages which cater for the needs of these mature households. Fraser Coast Region is also seen as a relatively affordable location for housing, particularly away from the coastal strip.
There is a large supply of residential land which will influence housing and population outcomes across Fraser Coast Region. Significant supply has been identified in Hervey Bay, Maryborough and Northern Hinterland. It is important to note that the supply in Northern Hinterland is largely an extension of the urban areas of the two large towns into what is currently rural land. There is also significant supply in Burrum Heads-Toogoom and Craignish - Dundowran Beach. In contrast the rural areas (Western Hinterland and Southern Hinterland) are expected to record modest growth, centred around rural residential estates and smaller subdivisions, particularly those parts with good proximity to Maryborough or the Bruce Highway.